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March 2021 - Open Business #2

By anniv, 5 April, 2021

For over 10 years, Oracle has claimed that Google infringed its copyright when it copied the Java API to build Android. After a sequence of decisions along the decade, each time favoring one company over the other, finally the U.S. Supreme Court has concluded that "Google's copying of the API to reimplement a user interface, taking only what was needed to allow users to put their accrued talents to work in a new and transformative program, constituted a fair use of that material."

https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/20pdf/18-956_d18f.pdf

This decision by the Supreme Court is important because it distinguishes declarative code (APIs) and functional code (the actual implementation). It provides legal certainty around the fair use and reimplementation of APIs, a common practice in the software industry, and key for interoperability, open standards, and open source.

Organizations that filed Amicus Brief in the Supreme Court's Google v. Oracle include Creative Commons, Mozilla Foundation, Open Source Initiative, Software Freedom Conservancy, and Wikimedia Foundation.

Open Business Timeline

The Open Business timeline is live at:

https://anniv.co/open-business

Open Business Press Coverage

March 2021 - Open Business #1

By anniv, 11 March, 2021

One year ago, on the 11th of March 2020, WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic. This has had a major impact on all society. Suddenly, remote work became a necessity and companies embraced working "from the cloud." Also, many businesses had to reinvent themselves, and many individuals who lost their jobs had to build a new business to survive. While the pandemic presented overwhelming challenges, it has also presented opportunities.

Early in the pandemic, Dries Buytaert (founder of Drupal and Acquia) published his view of how businesses would be affected and what role open source would play. Dries believed that, in uncertain periods like that brought by the pandemic, individuals and organizations would look for ways to take control of their own destiny, and strive to do more with less. Adopting open source helps these individuals and organizations to survive and thrive. Data from the last two big recessions confirmed this view: open source adoption excelled during the dot-com crash (2000-2004) and the Great Recession (2007-2009).

The 2020 TideLift survey conducted in June provided initial data also supporting this view: 44% of respondents believed their organization’s leaders were likely to encourage the use of more open source for application development during the downturn, while only 2% expected its use to be discouraged.

This past week, Red Hat published the 2021 State of Enterprise Open Source Report, which further consolidates this view: nearly 70% of IT leaders believed COVID-19 has accelerated investment in public cloud infrastructure.

And finally, OpenUK's State of Open March 2021 Report provides an interesting quote from Rob Knight, CTO, Enterprise Cloud Products at SUSE:

"The global pandemic has really helped to accelerate open source adoption in the enterprise. As companies have been forced to adapt to change quickly, we saw open source use increase dramatically as companies needed flexibility - they didn't have the time to go into a long evaluation and a long sales cycle when their offices were suddenly shut down and everyone moved to remote working overnight. They needed new innovative solutions yesterday and open source was able to fill that gap for a lot of them."

It's also worth highlighting how open source and open data have played an important role in battling COVID-19 itself, from the design of open source ventilators, to open source applications for tracking infections, to maps and graphs displaying the spread of the virus.

Open Business Timeline

The Open Business timeline is live at:

https://anniv.co/open-business

Open Business Activities

Open Business Press Coverage

February 2021 - Open Source #2

By anniv, 15 February, 2021

This week the open source community will be celebrating a huge milestone: Python's 30th Anniversary. The Python Software Foundation is looking for help to celebrate this special occasion by asking community members to share their favorite pictures and stories, which they'll add to the anniversary page on their website.

Python is among one of the most popular programming languages and plays a key role in Data Science (from data analysis to Machine Learning), Infrastructure Configuration (DevOps), Cloud Computing, as well as Web development and Web scraping. Open Anniversary has created a special timeline to celebrate the 30 years of Python, which is available at:

https://anniv.co/timeline/python

Another great milestone was achieved this past week by a much younger language: the Rust Programming Language, which is a little over 10 years old. The Rust team announced the Rust Foundation, a new independent non-profit organization to steward the Rust programming language and ecosystem, with a unique focus on supporting the set of maintainers that govern and develop the project. And with the announcement of the Foundation, the Rust team also announced a new version of Rust: 1.50.0.

Another project which achieved an important milestone this past week (and which is also releasing a new version later this year) is the open source video player VLC. They celebrated their 20th Anniversary by announcing a new UI with the 4.0 launch. They are asking community members to share videos to send a video time-capsule to the moon as part of their 20th anniversary celebrations!

Last, but not least, the Manifesto for Agile Software Development has also celebrated their 20th Anniversary this past week. Two events were organized: Agile Manifesto 20th Anniversary and Agile20Reflect Festival. Agile and open source software development share many common concepts, specially around collaboration, self-organization, and continuous delivery.

And we are almost forgetting another milestone which gave birth to everything above: the 75th Anniversary of ENIAC, the world's first all electronic, programmable computer. On February 15, 1946, the ENIAC was unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania. As part of that unveiling, the machine was demonstrated to those present.  Watch a reenactment of that demonstration based on a press demonstration given and oral history collected by the ENIAC Programmers Project.

Open Source Timeline

The Open Source timeline is live at:

https://anniv.co/open-source

Also, be sure to check out the Free Software timeline, as both the open source and free software movements have a shared history:

https://anniv.co/free-software

Open Source Activities

February 2021 - Open Source #1

By anniv, 3 February, 2021

In 2018, while the Open Source Initiative was on its 20th Anniversary World Tour, some faux open source licenses started emerging, most notably the Commons Clause and the Server Side Public License. OSI and its partners, with the support from the open source community, were able to successfully organize over 100 activities across 40 events worldwide to celebrate its anniversary and defend the open source definition. At the end of the tour, several OSI affiliates signed the Affirmation of the Open Source Definition.

As we reach 2021, the battle over the open source definition continues. Recently, Elastic published a blog post entitled "Doubling down on open, part II" where it announced the upcoming changes to the popular Elasticsearch and Kibana software to a proprietary license. Nonetheless, the blog post used the word "open" about 40 times, "free" about 30 times, and specifically the term "open source" 20 times. Many members of the open source community quickly called out Elastic's attempt to confuse readers, and the OSI published a public statement condemning Elastic's deceptive wording.

Recently, we also witness the founding of the Organization for Ethical Source (OES), with the goal of ensuring that free software is being used for social good and in service of human rights. The adoption of ethical licenses have stumbled so far, as critics question the enforceability of such licenses, among other issues. One approach that is succeeding is building additional layers on top the Open Source Definition and the Four Freedoms, instead of trying to redefine them. For example, the adoption of the Contributor Covenant code of conduct has been a major success (it was even adopted by the Linux kernel in 2018). It's also worth noting the work being developed by CHAOSS (Community Health Analytics Open Source Software), a Linux Foundation project focused on creating analytics and metrics to help define community health, addressing many of the issues faced by open source communities, including leadership, governance, ethics, sustainability, burnout, diversity, and inclusiveness. Lastly, it's worth recognizing creative approaches like Open Invention Network, which in its 15-year history has successfully created the largest patent non-aggression consortium to support freedom of action in Linux as a key element of open source software (even Microsoft eventually agreed to join, also in 2018).

Open Source Timeline

The Open Source timeline is live at:

https://anniv.co/open-source

Also, be sure to check out the Free Software timeline, as both the open source and free software movements have a shared history:

https://anniv.co/free-software

Open Source Activities

Open Source Books

Open Source Press Coverage

Other Key Anniversaries

January 2021 - Free Culture #2

By anniv, 24 January, 2021

This month, the Free Culture movement celebrated the 20th Anniversary of Wikipedia. The Wikimedia Foundation, together with the worldwide community, organized several activities. The commemorative website is available at:

https://wikimediafoundation.org/wikipedia20/

Wikipedia 20th Anniversary

The Creative Commons community will be celebrating their anniversary throughout the year. The main celebrations will happen at their conference (CC Global Summit) and in December, when the organization was officially incorporated.

The Drupal community will also be celebrating their anniversary throughout the year. Please check the blog posts from the Drupal Association and from the founder Dries Buytaert.

Free Culture Timeline

The Free Culture timeline featuring Wikipedia and Creative Commons is live at:

https://anniv.co/free-culture

Free Culture Activities

Free Culture Books and Films

Free Culture Press Coverage

January 2021 - Free Culture #1

By anniv, 12 January, 2021

Happy New Year and welcome to Open Anniversary's first edition of this newsletter!

The goal of Open Anniversary is to provide an innovative and inclusive platform for the community to remember, celebrate, and reimagine the open source movement.

Our first edition will cover several key anniversaries happening this month:

  • 20 years of Wikipedia
  • 20 years of Creative Commons
  • 20 years of Drupal

Interestingly enough, all these communities share one common birthday: January 15th, 2001. While many activities are planned for this month, these communities will be celebrating their anniversaries throughout the whole year.

Wikipedia's 20th Anniversary

Free Culture Timeline

The Free Culture timeline featuring Wikipedia and Creative Commons is now live at:

https://anniv.co/free-culture

The Drupal community has also created their 20th Anniversary timeline at:

https://drupalhistory.org/

Free Culture Activities

Free Culture Books and Films

Free Culture Press Coverage